Benefits The following information is a guide to the benefits that may be available to patients with aplastic anaemia and their families/carers. In addition to those listed, there are other means-tested benefits that may apply in certain circumstances. They include Income Support, Housing Benefit and Council Tax Reduction. For more detailed information, download our information sheet. Types of benefit Entitlement to benefits depends on your circumstances and may be affected by your income, savings and national insurance (NI) contribution record. Means-tested benefits Means-tested or income-related benefits are affected by most other types of income and the amount of savings you have. Your NI contribution record does not matter. Non means-tested benefits Non-means-tested benefits are not usually affected by other money you have, although some are dependent on you earning a certain amount, whereas others can be reduced if you have earnings or an occupational or private pension. There are two types of non-means-tested benefits: non-contributory and contributory. For non-contributory benefits your NI record does not matter. For contributory benefits, you (or in some cases your partner) must have made sufficient NI contributions. Hospital travel fares Claimants claiming Employment and Support Allowance (Income-related), Income Support, Jobseeker’s Allowance (Income-based) or Working Tax Credit can reclaim travel costs for journeys to and from hospital for NHS treatment. Patients living in the Highlands and Islands of Scotland who have to travel over 30 miles (or five miles by water) for treatment are also eligible to reclaim their travel costs as are patients who live on the Isles of Scilly who need to travel to a mainland hospital. Claimants not receiving any of these benefits may try to claim on the grounds of low income by completing form HC1.